Four new elements join the rest in the periodic table.
(Mirror Daily, United States) – It seems like the work of scientists has once again paid off as the periodic table will have four elements more from now on.
According to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, the seventh row will be filled up with four names which were recently proposed. The teams that were involved in the research and made the discovery came up with several ideas.
The IUPAC will need only the public approval before the names become official. The teams are from Russia, Japan, and the United States, therefore, the names are related to either the members of the team or with their nationality.
Three of them, such as 115, 117 and 118 already received approval. The credit was given to a team of American and Russian scientists from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the Russian Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.
The symbols of the elements will be Og, Ts, and Mc. Og comes from the Russian scientist Yuri Oganessian who will become the second researcher ever that will be granted this honor while still being alive. The Ts symbol comes from Tennessee and is the second state that has an element deriving from its name, after California. The third element, Mc, comes from Moscow in the honor of the Russian scientists.
In other words, 118 Og is short from ‘oganesson’ (OH’-gah-NEH’-sun), 117 Ts from ‘tennessine’ (TEH’-neh-seen), and 115 Mc from ‘moscovium’ (mah-SKOH’-vee-um).
When the last time this happened, in 1993, the public was so upset that the IUPAC was close to banning the names of the living scientists. According to Jan Reedjik, IUPAC President of the inorganic chemistry division, the names do not break the IUPAC rules.
The fourth element, with the number 113, was granted to a Japan team based on IUPAC’s assessment. Japanese scientists wish to name it ‘nihonium’ (nee-HOH’-nee-um) with the Nh symbol. Nihon means Japan in the country’s mother tongue, and it is the first time in the history of East Asia when an element discovered there has been confirmed by the IUPAC.
Mc, Ts, Og, and Nh are super heavy due to their high number of protons associated with the number on the periodic table. Hopefully, other periodic elements will be discovered by scientists in the future.